On 19 September 2016, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the New York Declaration on Refugees and Migrants, calling for greater burden sharing by the international community to support the world’s largest refugee hosting states. The New York Declaration (NYD) called on UNHCR to develop and initiate the application of the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) in close coordination with relevant states and in collaboration with relevant UN agencies, applying a multi-stakeholder approach. The objectives of implementing the CRRF are to: (i) ease pressure on host countries, (ii) enhance refugee self-reliance, (iii) expand access to third-country solutions and (iv) support conditions in countries of origin for return in safety and dignity
The Government of Rwanda is one of the pilot countries to apply the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) in 2018.The CRRF in Rwanda builds on the four commitments made by the government of Rwanda at a Leaders’ Summit on Refugees on 20 September 2016 with 48 Heads of State including 17 from refugee hosting countries. The pledges were: (i) public launch of joint Ministry of Disaster Management and Refugees-UNHCR livelihoods strategy, with a focus on graduating camp-based refugees out of assistance programs and increasing formal access to work opportunities, (ii) to ensure that 100% of refugees are in possession of valid refugee identity cards issues by the Government of the Republic of Rwanda (NIDA), (iii) to ensure that 100% of refugee students in secondary school and 50% in primary schools will be integrated into national education systems, (iv) to ensure that 100% of urban refugees will have the opportunity to buy into national health insurance systems.
The UNHCR Rwanda operation is also one of the multi-year multi-partner planning pilot and as such the country has developed a Multi-Year Multi Partner Protection and Solutions Strategy for 2018-2022. This strategy (MYMP) describes UNHCR’s contextual contribution to the CRRF and shape of the Operations programming. The MYMP and CRRF ensure a broader refugee response by engaging a wide array of stakeholders, including: national and local authorities; (ii) international, regional organizations and financial institutions; (iii) civil society partners (including faith-based, academia, media, and private sector); and (iv) refugees and host population. In line with the “whole of society” approach outlined in the NYD, the MYMP strategy and the CRRF call for building a strong nexus of both a development and humanitarian response to forced displacement.
Among the most significant humanitarian-development cooperation partnerships strengthened in recent years has been between the World Bank and UNHCR on forced displacement. In the eighteenth replenishment (2017-2019) of the World Bank’s International Development Association (IDA) financing programme for least developed countries, an amount of US$ 2 billion has been included for those states receiving large numbers of refugees. The IDA 18 allocation follows the operationalization of a global concessional financing facility for Middle Income Countries (MICs) affected by large numbers of refugees. In Rwanda for instance the World Bank, in May 2018 embarked on a mission to assess Rwanda’s eligibility to the IDA 18 refugee sub window. In this vein the Bank has lent its support to the government to develop its strategy for refugee inclusion in the context of the CRRF. In addition, UNHCR has enhanced cooperation with the International Labour Organization (ILO), the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
In the context of the increased focus on the development dimensions of refugee displacement, UNHCR Rwanda is increasing its capacity to effectively engage development actors including government agencies, international financial institutions, bilateral donors and NGOs.
Within the context outlined above, the position of the Associate CRR Officer was created to support the roll out of the CRRF in Rwanda. The Associate CRR Officer NOB will be based in Kigali and report to the CRR Officer/Senior Programme Officer. He would work closely with the International Associate CRR Officer (P2) and the CRR Associate (G6). The Associate CRR Officer support the various UNHCR sub and field offices in developing stronger partnerships with the local government and non-government agencies in seeking to strengthen efforts towards refugee inclusion and development in hosting districts. The incumbent would also be expected to contribute to and promote initiatives refugee inclusion in the context of the UN One Delivery in Rwanda.